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1  CRAFTY BUSINESS ADVICE / Crafty Business Discussion / Re: Copyright Info / Using Other Peoples' Images / Etc on: May 12, 2005 02:04:48 PM
I hate to say this re: using fabric to create items to sell, but sometimes it's definitely illegal to do.  I would be particularly wary of fabric that uses licensed characters (like perhaps the American Greetings fabric).  I've seen kits in fabric stores that specifically mention that the fabric can only be used for personal use, and at reprodepot's site, there's a warning against using any of the Munki Munki fabric for resale.  it states" Please note: This fabric can be purchased for personal sewing projects only. This print cannot be used for items made for resale."

So I don't know how you know what's resellable and what's not with fabric.  But for anyone reading this thread, I would be very careful about believing someone's assertion that something is okay to use, especially if they aren't a lawyer.  A lot of people are well meaning, but misinformed.

Personally, I'm still stuck myself.  My crafts involve decoupaging old paperback book covers onto items, and while I checked out section 109 of the copyright code that seems to indicate that resale is okay as long as it's not duplicated, I'm still nervous.  Maybe I need to look up that Nagel case that was posted about waaay back on page 1 or 2.  So if anyone has concrete data on repurposing printed items (like record cover purses, etc) I'd love to hear about it.

UPDATE:
The "first sale" area of the law was still bugging me, so I went back and searched for that Nagel case that was mentioned on page 3 of this thread.  It turns out, the case was ruled in favor of the Nagel estate, NOT the person who was cutting photos from the books and putting them on tiles.  Since that's in a different form from the original book they appeared in, it was considered a derivative work.    BUT, there was a similar case a few years later where a company was purchasing individual note cards and putting them on tiles.  In this case, the court ruled that the defendent was essentially doing the same thing as a poster shop dry-mounting a poster and framing it.  So the defendent won that one.   The Nagel case is Mirage Editions, Inc. v. Albuquerque A.R.T. Co, 1988, 9th Cir, Court of Appeals.  and the other one is  LEE v A.R.T. Company, 1997, 7th Cir, Court of Appeals.

That makes sense.  I know that I can't take a stock photo catalog and cut pictures out of it to sell in the form of marble magnets, for instance.  That feels wrong just from a gut level.  But I have all these switchplates!  And all these 30 year old paperback book covers that would otherwise be moldering in some thrift store or dump somewhere!  I wish I could feel safe selling them, because to me the fact that I'm hunting down these books one at a time and making the cover art more visible again doesn't FEEL like I'm ripping someone off, like it would if I bought copies of art books and then sold the pages from them.   It's such a gray area!  I guess a point in my favor is that my use of the book covers would most likely not be detrimental to the original copyright owner.  No one who wants to buy the book to read (its original purpose) would get a switchplate instead.

An interesting article brief on this is here: http://culturalpolicy.uchicago.edu/conf1999/landes.html

Damn.  I'd be interested to hear if anyone has other info of this sort.
2  UNITED STATES / North Carolina / Re:Raleigh/Durham finds on: April 03, 2004 11:26:02 AM
Sadly, the DAV thrift store across from the American Way/Flea Market is closed.  Not sure if it moved or just closed down, I didn't check that closely.  
3  UNITED STATES / North Carolina / Re:In search of wire for sculptures (R/D/CH) on: March 21, 2004 06:54:54 AM
I was at the Scrap Exchange in Durham yesterday, and they had some spools of wire just like you're looking for, I think.  It's fairly fine gauge- a bit thicker than what you'd use for jewelry but not much.  You may want to check it out.
4  REUSING/RECYCLING/RECRAFTING / What the heck can I do with THIS? / Re:button button, who's got the button on: March 21, 2004 06:52:26 AM
True, if there were fabric underneath, they wouldn't have to be identical in size.  And of course they wouldn't have to be the same color either way. But the one I saw used the buttons as the actual "fabric" - they were stitched to each other side by side and made kind of a plastic mesh.

I notice that lots of 100+ buttons regularly come up on ebay... I wonder if I'd have the patience to sew a whole purse.  I like the bikini idea!
5  REUSING/RECYCLING/RECRAFTING / What the heck can I do with THIS? / Re:button button, who's got the button on: March 19, 2004 07:41:19 AM
I saw a purse made of buttons for sale and I really want to do, but it would need hundreds of identical buttons.  

Basically the buttons (small plain orange ones) were laid side by side in rows, edges touching each other to make a grid.  Then they were sewn together, each button to the 4 surrounding it, and each of those 4 to the ones around them, and so on, to make a stiff "fabric" out of buttons.  It was very excellent.

Now I just need to find 500 identical buttons for less than the price of the purse itself...
6  PURSES, BAGS, WALLETS / Purses, Bags, Wallets: Discussion and Questions / Re:Hand felted purse on: March 18, 2004 06:52:19 PM
Felting from scratch, as it were, is really a lot of fun and not too difficult - I've done a couple of sheets of felt and they took less than an hour, but I'm pretty impatient and I imagine they would have been smoother if they'd taken longer.  

As Toast mentioned upthread, you lay out small tufts of wool slightly overlapping to make a square (or circle, for the Martha-style purse) on top of a smooth sheet of fabric. Roving, not batting is better, because it's all combed into one direction.  Then you  make a second layer, with the tufts laid out perpindicular to the first.  Once you get about 4 layers, you spray it with hot water and dish detergent, and kind of pat it til it starts to mat up.  Then you can start really felting it- easiest way is to get a cheap matchstick blind, and roll it up jellyroll style, and just roll and roll and roll.  (sprinkle it with more hot soapy water before rolling up)

Once it is kind of one piece, you unroll it.  If you want a flat piece, turn it 90 degrees and roll some more.  I think if you want a sculpted piece like the purse, then  you'd place it over some sort of form- like a bowl, or a giant tumbler.  Add more hot soapy water, and keep massaging it as it shrinks and tightens up.  You can put on little tufts of different color to make a pattern at this point, and massage them in.

Whoo, this is a dissertation. But believe me, it's fun.  I'll post a picture of my coffee-pot cozy (with irony) that I sewed out of handmade felt when I get around to it.    Plus, here's some links that are probably clearer than what I wrote:
http://www.weavespindye.org/html/felting1.html (this has terrific instructions with photos)
http://www.outbackfibers.com/info/feltinginst.htm all different sorts of hand felting
7  CLOTHING / Clothing: Completed Projects: Reconstructed / Re:beatles painted pants on: February 07, 2004 02:49:28 PM
You've got a great design eye, tentimeszero.  What impresses me the most is how it all works so well together, layout-wise, as a single piece.  nice job!

8  PAPER CRAFTS, SCRAPBOOKING & ATCs (ARTIST TRADING CARDS) / Paper Crafts: Discussion and Questions / Re:new decopage? on: January 25, 2004 11:14:12 AM
I've found that the adhesive I use depends on what I'm decoupaging, and to what.   Mod Podge is a good general adhesive, but sometimes Elmer's glue works better.  You can also use clear acrylic medium (sold alongside acrylic paints).  

When I saw the thread title I thought it was referring to the book "New Decoupage" by Durwin Rice, which has some great ideas in it.  His book is where I learned how to make Elmer's glue work better.  The key is, I think, when you're using plain school glue like that is to thin it out with water but then use plenty of it.... enough to be able to slide around your prints on the surface in order to get them positioned.    

I'll use Elmer's glue when I'm working with stiffer or somewhat brittle paper - I wet the cutout first, and then apply it to the very gluey surface, and brush more glue over it.  It keeps it from wrinkling, and also from popping up off of a curved surface.

But anyway, the New Decoupage book has  a lot of ideas in it, like working on glass (the underside of a glass plate, for instance), refrigerators, furniture, vases, cabinets, etc.  the sky's the limit, really.
9  KNITTING / Knitting: Discussion and Questions / Re:yarn substitution on: January 19, 2004 01:39:55 PM
I was thinking about doing that blanket as well!  I've never knitted something so large on needles so small before, though... I was afraid it'd take me forever.  Plus I wish the book had a photo of the whole blanket laid out, instead of wrapped around the baby (cute as that was).

If I were you, I'd go to your Local Yarn Shop with the pattern and see what they recommend as a cheaper/easier to care for substitute. I think there's some good cotton/wool blends that would be soft and washable, but I'm not sure about the prices.

Good luck!  
10  PURSES, BAGS, WALLETS / Purses, Bags, Wallets: Completed Projects: General / Re:square bottomed lined bag tutorial on: January 10, 2004 11:19:34 AM
what terrific instructions!  very clear and a very cute bag, to boot!   great combo of fabrics.
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