My understanding of polymer clay are all needed to be bake in ovens?
Yes, all polymer
clays require (sufficient) heat to cure and harden (they will never dry
to harden like air-dry clays will because they have no water in them to dry out, only oily stuff). Btw, "ovens" aren't the only technique for creating that heat, just the most common one.
Hmm, I tried ones from Angel Clay, you will see the "Angel" pic on my profile, looks opaque. How to find ones that are translucent that looks like gel?
When you say "gel,"it sounds like you mean something wiggly with a somewhat-soft surface but I assume you just mean translucent
(or somewhat-translucent) rather than opaque, but still "hard." There are various polymer clay lines and brands (especially the flesh-colored ones) that have a lot of translucent clay in them --a lot
of translucent (some of those are also called "tinted translucents") to a little
translucent (many "colors" even when they don't appear to be translucent).
The whole brand of polymer clay called Cernit uses a lot of translucent in every color except white. And the flesh-colored polymer clays vary in how much translucent they have.
You can read about those and see some examples, etc., on this page of my site to get a better idea of the way they'll look after curing, as well as read about their different characteristics when using for "sculpting":http://www.glassattic.com/polymer/sculpture.htm (same page as below)
...click on Polymer Clays for Sculpting
May I also ask what more can polymer clays do than just sculpting?
Well, for starters, here's a concentrated list of things from my site that polymer clay can do aside from sculpting:
..."covering" various items with sheets (or slices, bits) of patterned or decorative clay (the small items often covered range from pens to votive candleholders with light shining through, switchplates, and many more...non-bakable or large items like tables can be covered as well by using pre-baked veneers)
...all kinds of vessels can be created, large and small (boxes, bowls, small pendant containers, etc)... these can be created freestanding, over armatures, or over removable armatures)
...making "canes" (logs of clay with a pattern running through their entire length, from which identical slices can be cut--think of a jellyroll as one example)... the resulting patterns in canes can be simple, complex or anything in-between; they also can be pictorial or simply geometric ...the canes and their images can be "reduced" so that the they become quite small, then combined repeatedly to make multiple images... caning is much-used technique for many clayers
...textures or images can be impressed into raw clay in all kinds of ways (rubberstamps, texture sheets, sandpaper or other tools and items from around the house, etc.)...usually after curing, the upper surfaces can be colored or metallicized ("highlighting") or the lower areas/crevices can be colored or metallicized ("antiquing")... hardened clay can also be stamped on in the normal way
...clay can be carved into ...those areas can be filled in with other clays or liquid clay, or otherwise colored, etc.
...clay can can be used to make molds, and also to make casts from those molds (to duplicate textures, shapes, or even whole faces, etc.)... candy and many other kinds of molds can be used for clay, and other mold-making materials can also be used with clay
...clay can be extruded through a "clay gun" to create many different uniform rope shapes which can be used in many ways... it can also be extruded through icing tips, etc., using softened regular clay, liquid clay, etc.
..."transferring" b&w or color images onto clay from photographs, drawings, computer-created images/text, etc
.. fauxs...many natural materials can be convincingly simulated in clay (ivory, jade, turquoise, wood, granite, metal, etc.)
...inlay and other mosaic-type techniques
...onlay & bas relief techniques, etc.... various kinds of collage are also possible
..."paintings" of various kinds can be created with polymer pastes of various thicknesses as well as puzzle-pieced, etc.
..."mokume gane" (shaving off thin slices from layered but distorted stacks of clays/powders/inks/etc.)
...making jewlery of all kinds
...polymer clay will accept metallic materials in many ways when raw or after hardening (metal & metallic powders, metal leaf, metallic foils, metallic paints, etc.)
....seasonal items like Christmas ornaments, or things for Halloween, Valentine's, etc.
....mini-books, notebook or other covers, greeting cards, postcards, etc.
...other items like frames, games (and game pieces)
...dioramas, as well as whole structures, landscaping, etc.
...any colors (or brands) of clay can be mixed together to create almost any new color, or colors can be mixed to make continuous blends of one color to another
...clay can also be colored with other media as well ... they can be colored throughout, or only on the surface, with various paints, inks, colored pencils, chalks, metallic (mica-containing) powders, metallic leaf and foils, glitters, embossing powders, etc....this can happen before or after hardening in many cases
...various inclusions can be mixed into clay, often into the "translucent" color (e.g., metallic powders, spices/herbs, glitters)
...mica clay ... the metallic "mica-containing" solid clay colors have special properties and can be used for special effects (as well as being used as regular colors)
...translucent clay...another special "color" of clay is translucent (which can even be transparent in very thin sheets)... used in lots of ways
...polymer clay also comes in a liquid form (liquid clay) which can be used in many ways ...can also be colored and accept inclusions/embedments ...create or help create transfers, make translucent window clings...simulate "stained glass," cloisonne, lampwork, etc... be used as a glue... be cast and baked in silicone molds
...finishing...clay can be left as it is after baking, or it can be sanded and buffed to a sheen or glossy shine... (or a liquid finish can be used for the same effects)
...clay can also be used in various ways with many other media ( wire, paper, beads, charms, stamps, fabric, etc.)
...clay can be used with various glues as well, including gluing baked clay bits onto non-bakable items
(and way too much more to list!)