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Topic: Help me with my Fiber Vocabulary!  (Read 1812 times)
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javastain
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« on: April 04, 2008 09:29:04 PM »

So, I'm new and I would love to compile a thread of vocabulary so I can know what the heck you guys are talking about!!!

Ok, so I know:
Wool: comes from sheep
Mohair: comes from goats
Spindle: hand held spinning aparatus
Spinning wheel: fiber spinning machine, usually foot powered
Bobbin: the thing that gathers the spinning yarn
Singles: a single strand of spun fiber
Doubles: two strands of singles plyed together


I would love to know what you know!
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I'd love to send you some hand spun for a poppet!

yep
cottondeer
« Reply #1 on: April 07, 2008 10:56:24 AM »

"What Are Roving, Top and Sliver?" by Abby Franquemont (PDF)

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javastain
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« Reply #2 on: April 07, 2008 02:18:13 PM »

Woo! I love that!!! Thanks! The photos and the definitions are awesome!

This is the problem. I don't even know what to type into my search engine!!! I don't know what I am missing in my vocabulary so I can't even search it!!!
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I'd love to send you some hand spun for a poppet!

yep
Star217
« Reply #3 on: April 09, 2008 07:50:38 PM »

Javastain, awhile back I typed up a beginner spinners guide for another craftster user. If you pm me your email address I can send it to you if you want.
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SensiblyTacky
« Reply #4 on: May 05, 2008 01:22:16 PM »

hehehee I borrowed this from some site awhile back


Glossary of Spinning Terms

batts - carded hunks of fiber as it comes off of a drumcarder

bench - also called the table. The table of the spinning wheel on which the wheel and spinning mechanism are mounted

bobbin - the shaft of the spool onto which the spun yarn is wound on a spinning wheel

carders - (or cards) a pair of brushes used to smooth and straighten fibers for spinning

comb - used to process long stapled wool for worsted spinning

crimp - amount of curl in a lock of fleece; fine wool is very crimpy

distaff - a staff that holds the flax or wool fibers which are drawn from as the spinner needs them when spinning. A distaff can be attached to a belt, mounted on the bench of a spinning wheel, or free-standing.

draft - the pulling out of fibers to allow only a certain amount of the fiber to twist into thread

drafting triangle - the space between the spun yarn and the fibers being drawn out

drive band - the cord carrying the power from the large wheel to the spindle or bobbin/pulley

drop spindle - (handspindle) a stick with a weighted whorl that is used to twist fibers into thread

ewe - a mature female sheep

fiber - the unspun hair/wool/plant material (as opposed to the thread, which is already spun)

fleece - the entire coat of wool off of a sheep

flyer - the u-shaped device on a treadle spinning wheel that twists the yarn

footman - the straight piece of wood or wire that connects the treadle to the axle/crank of a spinning wheel

grease wool - (or wool in the grease) the unwashed wool as it comes off of a sheep

hank - a 560-yard long skein of wool, usually wound on a niddy-noddy or reel

knot - a 40-yard strand skein of yarn wound on a reel or a niddy-noddy that measures 2 yards in circumference = 80 yards

maidens - (or sisters) two upright pieces of wood that hold the spinning apparatus in a horizontal position

Mother-of-all - usually, the entire spinning mechanism on a spinning wheel; maidens, flyer and bobbin

niddy-noddy - double-headed tool used in skeining spun yarn

noils - short fibers removed when combing the fleece; can be mixed with other wool and carded and spun

orifice - the opening or eye of the spindle on a treadle spinning wheel

pencil roving - thinner strips of roving roughly the diameter of a pencil

plying - winding two or more yarns together; must be done in the opposite direction to that in which they were spun

rolag - finger sized roll of carded wool, ready for spinning to make woolen yarn

roving - long tubes of carded wool, produced by carding machines

S-twist - yarn spun with a counterclockwise twist

scour - to wash or clean fibers or spun yarns

skeining - winding yarn off the spindle

skirted fleece - grease wool that has had the dirty edges removed all the way around

sliver - strips of batts in one continuous strip

slub - the flaw or fat place in the yarn (sometimes intentionally spun in for novelty yarns) Note: the length of a slub cannot be longer than the staple of a fiber

spindle pulley - the small grooved whorl that carries the drive band connecting the spindle to the drive wheel

staple - length of a lock of fleece or a single fiber

strick - a bundle of flax prepared for spinning after the tow has been removed (long fibers only)

tops - long fibers straightened by combing

tow - the short fibers left after flax is combed out

treadle - the foot pedal that turns the main wheel, or the process of pushing the pedal of the main wheel

whorl - the weighted part of a dropspindle that helps it to spin. Also the spindle pulley that regulates the speed of a spinning wheel spindle

woolen - yarns made from short-stapled wool; has a soft finish and felts well

worsted - made from long-stapled wool where the fibers are combed lengthwise and spun from cut end to tip in apparel-type fashion; has a firm finish and does not usually felt (i.e. most tweeds, suit or jacket material)

Z or S twist - yarn spun with a clockwise spin with Z twist
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javastain
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« Reply #5 on: May 05, 2008 09:23:29 PM »

OH! that is sooooo awesome!!! thanks! I love this! I have already copied and pasted onto my own cheat sheet on my desk top!!!
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I'd love to send you some hand spun for a poppet!

yep
kathleenalice
« Reply #6 on: May 07, 2008 06:19:50 AM »

Wow - I didn't know that a hank was a specific length!

I've always used it in everyday speech when referring to anything that can be pulled off of something in big handfuls as in "gimme a hank of that straw/fabric/candyfloss"
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Star217
« Reply #7 on: May 07, 2008 08:10:19 AM »

Wow - I didn't know that a hank was a specific length!

I've always used it in everyday speech when referring to anything that can be pulled off of something in big handfuls as in "gimme a hank of that straw/fabric/candyfloss"

Yeah it was my understanding that a hank was any amount of yarn that has been wound on a swift or niddy noddy instead of into a ball.
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askthebellwether
« Reply #8 on: May 07, 2008 09:26:35 AM »

The spinner's inventory may be another useful rabbithole of words to get definitions for ...

Posted on my blog here: http://askthebellwether.blogspot.com/2007/05/what-types-of-spinning-have-you-done.html

(it's really long ...)
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javastain
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« Reply #9 on: May 12, 2008 09:44:57 AM »

Oh that is super freaking sweet! Here it is for anyone that wants to see it! Wow~! I think I might have to start my own meme!!!

Fine Wools (i.e. Merino, Cormo, Rambouillet, Polwarth, CVM, etc)
Longwool & Crossbreed Wools (i.e. BFL, Cotswold, Lincoln, Romney, Coopworth, Teeswater, etc.)
Down-type Wool (i.e. Black Welsh Mountain, Dorset, Cheviot, Shetland, etc.)
Double Coated Wool (i.e. Icelandic, Navajo-Churro, Karakul, etc.)
Mohair
Cashmere
Angora
Alpaca
Llama
Camel
Vicuna
Bison/Buffalo
Yak
Quiviut
Dog
Cat
Silk Caps/Bells/Hankies
Silk Sliver
Linen
Hemp
Cotton (prepared)
Cotton from the Boll
Engineered Fibers (Rayon, Bamboo, Soysilk, Ingeo, Ecopoly, etc.)
Recycled Fibers (Sari Silk, Jeans, Garnetted, etc.)
Holographic Fibers (Angelina, etc.)
Commercially Combed Top
Commercially Carded Roving
Hand Combed Top
Hand Carded Rollags
Hand Drum Carded Batts

FIBER TOOLS USED

Flicker
Hand Cards
Mini-Combs
English Combs
Hackle
Diz
Distaff
Drum Carder
Nostepinne
Niddy Noddy
Yarn Meter
Skeiner
WPI Tool
McMorran Balance
Top Whorl Spindle
Mid-Whorl Spindle
Bottom Whorl Spindle (includes Turkish)
Supported Spindle (Navajo, Tahkli, etc.)
Castle Wheel
Saxony Wheel
Great Wheel
Portable Wheel (Little Gem, Joy, Lendrum, Hitchiker, etc.)
Electric Spinner
Charka
Tensioned Lazy Kate

SPINNING TECHNIQUES & YARN TYPES SPUN

Worsted Spun
Woolen Spun
Long Draw
Short-Forward Draw
Double Drafting
Singles
Energized Singles
Andean Plied 2-Ply (Wheel or Spindle?)
Center-Pull Ball 2-Ply (Wheel or Spindle?)
2-Ply from Bobbins/Cops
3-Ply from Bobbins/Cops
Navajo Ply 3-Ply (Chained Singles)
4+ Ply from Bobbins/Cops
Bulky/Super Bulky Weight
Worsted Weight
DK Weight
Sport Weight
Fingering Weight
Lace Weight
Cabled Yarns
Fulled Yarns
Slub Yarn
Marled Yarn (Barber-Poled Colors)
Seed Yarn (1 Thick and Soft Ply, 1 Firm and Thin)
Wrapped Spiral Yarn
Flame Yarn (Like Seed Yarn, but with Slubs)
Turkish Knot Yarn
Boucle Yarn
Beaded Yarn
Coiled Yarn
Encased Yarn (Fabric, Flower, Feather, etc. Captured Between Plies)
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I'd love to send you some hand spun for a poppet!

yep
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