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Topic: difference between stenciling/screenprinting?  (Read 695 times)
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haroldlovesmaude
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« on: December 09, 2006 08:34:49 PM »

Maybe this is a dumb question, but what is the real difference between straight stenciling and screen printing? Are the textures difference in the end result somehow, or are they just different techniques with the same/similar results? Someone please explain this to me.
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« Reply #1 on: December 12, 2006 09:43:22 AM »

one main difference is you dont need islands in screen printing. your picture comes out verbatim, instead of with floating chunks.
also, its been my experience that the image is much more crisp, but it could be just me.
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entriq
« Reply #2 on: December 12, 2006 11:15:18 AM »

At the highest level, screenprinting is a type of stenciling technique.

However, people usually think of stencils as a piece of paper or other flat material with the image cut into it, and are typically used to make multiple copies of the same image.  However - even with this there are numerous variations - such as masking or frisket stencils, which have an adhesive backing and don't require connectors to hold the pieces together.  You can also use liquid frisket which is painted or rolled onto the surface of the item to be decorated, and then cut with an x-acto knife and the image areas removed.

In traditional stenciling the ink or paint is applied by stippling, spray painting, brushing, rolling, or whatever to the image area (the open areas of the stencil)  and the stencil is (sooner or later) removed leaving just the image.  Properly done, very fine and accurate work can be done this way.

Traditional stencilling can be adapted to countless variations and purposes.

Screenprinting is a technically sophisticated method of stencilling where the stencil itself is (usually) adhered to a fabric mesh that is tightly stretched on a wood or metal frame (the "screen").  The stencil in screenprinting can be made a number of ways - which includes traditional cut paper, but also runs the gamut from hand painted block-out, through glue-tushe methods, to photographic films and emulsions.  The ink is applied to the substrate by pulling a squeegee across the screen - the ink passing through the open mesh areas only.  Typically, the screen is attached to a table with hinges, and is raised up to place the printable item underneath, lowered down to do the squeegee pull, and then raised again to remove the newly printed piece and "reload" with the next piece.

One main difference is that beginning screen printers cuss a lot, where beginning stencilers don't.
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haroldlovesmaude
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« Reply #3 on: December 12, 2006 03:50:51 PM »

thanks.
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